MEMAD turns spotlight on GCC missile and air defence capabilities
Under the patronage of the UAE Armed Forces GHQ - and with the full support of the UAE Air Force and Air Defence - the Institute for Near East and Gulf Military Analysis (INEGMA) organised the third edition of the Middle East Missile and Air Defense Symposium (MEMAD), a two-day event held at the Armed Forces Officers Club in Abu Dhabi, UAE.
Above: (front row, left to right) H.E. Dr. Abdulatif Bin Rashid Al Zayani, Staff Brigadier Gen Majed Al Nuaimi, Lt Gen David Goldfein and General (ret) Khaled Abdullah Al Bu Ainnain.
Today was the first day of the event and was attended by His Excellency Dr. Abdul Latif Bin Rashid Al Zayani, Secretary General of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States, Vice Admiral Mark Fox, Commander of the fifth Fleet, NAVCENT, United States of America, Lieutenant General Patrick O’Reilly, Commander of the US Missile Defense Agency, Major General (Ret) Khaled Abdullah Al Bu Ainnain, Former Commander of the UAE Air Force and Air Defense and President of INEGMA, Major General Mohammed Bin Swaidan Saeed Al Gamzi, Commander of the UAE Air Force and Air Defense and Staff Brigadier General Majed Al Nuaimi, in addition to international senior high-level government officials from the UAE, the Gulf and abroad, plus high level military officials and key partners from north America and Western Europe. They had come together to discuss and share the critical challenges of emergent missile threats by examining state-of-the-art missile defence systems against the full spectrum of air and missile threats.
Riad Kahwaji, INEGMA CEO, opened the conference by welcoming the audience to third MEMAD conference. He thanked the UAE Armed Forces, especially the UAE Air Force and Air Defense Command for their outstanding limitless support for MEMAD 2012, as he also thanked the UAE Armed Forces’ Joint Chief of Staff for their patronage of the event. Kahwaji said: “Missile and Air defence are essential capabilities that ought to be on the top of priority list of all modern armies. It is no secret that if there were to be any future military confrontation in the region, ballistic and cruise missiles would be the number one threat to Arab Gulf States. The ability of these missiles to carry non-conventional warheads elevates the threat level to an existential and strategic one.
“In line with its mission statement, INEGMA has chosen missile defense as a main topic for its chain of defence conferences out of its appreciation to the importance of this subject to regional militaries of the Middle East, especially the Gulf Cooperation Council.” At the end, Kahwaji thanked all MEMAD sponsors mainly the platinum sponsors, Lockheed Martin and Raytheon, in addition to all media partners.
Staff Brigadier General Majed Al Nuaimi from the UAE Air Force, gave the welcome speech. He said that “the missile threat to the GCC is a growing threat and at a high volume". As evidence, Brigadier General Al Nuaimi argued that: “A fully integrated C4ISR system would bring together all assets. As such the US-UAE cooperation and regional cooperation is a key to future integration.”
His Excellency Abdul Latif Bin Rashid Al Zayani, Secretary General of the Cooperation Council for the Arab states in the Gulf delivered the first keynote speech (above). He said: “The GCC vision is for a regional missile defence shield. We know very well the complete strengths and weaknesses facing us. We are in a position of strength to implement solutions for stability in the Middle East.”
H.E. said: “One of the top GCC priorities is to establish economic security. We need to establish economic growth, more chances of jobs, education and health care, and keep a secure environment for growth. We don't have enough jobs for our young men. Threats to Gulf and the region are more complex than ever.” H.E. spoke multiple times about sophistication of threats including biological and nuclear terrorism, cybercrime and financial crime all separate from ballistic missile threats and missile defence systems. GCC needs robust defence networks and comprehensive solutions that are practical and not theoretical.
H.E. said: "In war time the most important thing is a civil defence system. Our success will depend on the strength of our defences. We hope all Gulf countries will be ready to cooperate to solve international and regional problems.
"Building a comprehensive plan for a missile defense shield is an important strategy for protecting all our countries. Cooperation is practical. It sends a strong message to our allies and enemies. What about our ability to defend against a chemical or biological attack? We should be asking the question: are our air defences suitable? We have to work more, especially if we need to build confidence to defend against threats and enemies. We need to develop an integrated missile defence shield. We are asking our allies to help us individually and collectively. The shield (as a solution) should be flexible and comprehensive. It should be a workable solution and not theoretical."
The second keynote speech was given by Lieutenant General Patrick O’Reilly, Commander of the US Missile Defense Agency. Lieutenant General O’Reilly said: “The threat from short and medium range missiles is the biggest threat and the most president conventional threat today. The value of the sensor is critical for fire control and this is the very basis for having good missile defence.”
The first session chaired by Mr. Orville Prins, Vice President of the international business development at Lockheed Martin missiles and fire control, featured three speakers. Lieutenant General David Goldfein, Commander, Air Force Central Command in the United States of America delivered a lecture on 'The regional integrated air and missile defence – The US role'. He explained that the Integrated Air and Missile Defense Center conducts academic Air and Missile Defense seminars and provides a 'Battle Lab' that enables realistic training. He said: “In order to execute as an integrated team, we need to build and execute a single Air Tasking Order together as well as establish clear communication to senior leadership for attribution, assessment and action.”
Major General (Ret) Khaled Abdullah Al Bu Ainnain, Former Commander of the UAE Air Force and Air Defense and President of INEGMA, discussed 'The GCC challenges in defending against cruise and ballistic missile threats'. He started off his presentation by reviewing ballistic and cruise missile threats to the GCC noting the short time respond period to 'takeout' incoming missiles and also the tightening Circular Error of Probability (CEP) as these weapons become more modernised. He said: “There are many vital GCC major vital assets that must be protected and there needs to be a wider GCC Defence Agreement to explore deeper missile defence.”
Lieutenant General Patrick O’Reilly, Commander of the US Missile Defense Agency presented 'The ballistic missile defense overview'. He asserted that: “ballistic missile proliferation is the growing threat of the current and future. There is growing evidence of anti-ship from 3000 km is a disturbing trend. There is also concern about security of these weapons and the fact that can be stolen.”
The second session chaired by Major General (Ret) Khaled Abdullah Al Bu Ainnain, featured three speakers.
Vice Admiral Mark Fox, Commander of the fifth Fleet, NAVCENT, United States of America, briefed on 'The integrated Air and Missile Defense from the sea'. He said: “There is a need to appreciate the threats posed by Iran and the al-Quds Force.” Admiral Fox added: “The key philosophy that we adopt is ‘Defense in Depth’ that is to use as many components to target and destroy as many incoming assets as well as mobile assets as possible. Only through the Aegis BMD does the US Navy support all of the characteristics of a regional IAMD architecture.”
Brigadier General (Eng) Jean Luc Combrisson, Director for the Middle East and Africa of the French Defence Procurement Agency, examined 'The emerging tactical ballistic missile challenges and countermeasures'. He stressed that the French Early warning programme and the Astor System represent cost effective solutions and are based on modular, flexible and interoperable architectures. They will also provide autonomous capabilities adapted to today and expected future threat of interest especially in the Gulf area.
Major General Gary Cheek, Deputy Commander of the US Army Central Command, gave a lecture on 'Harnessing command and battle management' in which he explained the planning and exercises to develop a common war fighting plan which is then exercised with full participation from all partners. He said: “We can communicate, share and pass targets between systems, organisations and nations.”
MEMAD will resume tomorrow Thursday, 12 April, 2012 at 8h30 with two plenary sessions and two specialised closed workshops. The first workshop shall treat the layered integrated Air and Missile defense and the second one shall treat the global, regional and theatre architecture.